Components of computer pdf
Computer Components Any kind of computers consists of HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE. Hardware: Computer hardware is the collection of physical elements that constitutes a computer system. Computer hardware refers to the physical parts or components of a computer such as the monitor, mouse, keyboard, computer data storage, hard drive disk ( HDD),. The main elements associated with a computer system are as follows: 1. Central Processing Unit ( CPU) 2. Secondary Storage Devices 4. Input and Output ( I/ O) Devices 5. Busses The Processor ( CPU) The CPU or processor acts as the controller of all actions or services provided by the system. It is the Brain and the Heart of the. A laptop computer has the same components as a desktop, but the computer, monitor, keyboard and a touchpad are integrated into a single, portable unit.
04 later in this chapter this will be discussed in more detail. Hardware components The computer case contains many of the other hardware. Download file PDF. Download citation. Copy link Link copied. Main Components of Computer. 1 Explain the F unctions of a CPU. 2 P arts of a System Unit and. Computer Components: ( 1) Scanner: An input device that can convert the contents of a paper document into a digital image that can be stored in the computer. ( 2) CPU ( Central Processing Unit) or the processor: The " brain" of the computer where programs are run. It is one of the most expensive parts of the hardware. Computer System Structure and Components Computer System Layers Figure 1 Conceptual Layers of Computer System in more detail Hardware Components of Computer System CPU, Device Controllers, Devices, and Bus An Example of Computer System Structure Figure 2 Example of a Computer System Structure Various Computer Programs. INTERNAL COMPONENTS The motherboard is the main printed circuit board and contains the buses, or electrical pathways, found in a computer. These buses allow data to travel between the various components that comprise a computer. Figure 1 shows a variety of motherboards.
A motherboard is also known as the system board or the main board.